Freeland Fails to See the Emerging Multipolar World

In a strange case of reversed roles Canadian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Chrystia Freeland, tried to convince US president Donald Trump to return to his lost path of globalization and international trade agreements, in an impassionate speech on June 13 at the Foreign Policy Forum in Washington DC.

Freeland seems to have a good reputation in some circles in Washington. At least enough to get her centre stage and a nomination as “diplomat of the year.”  But she should know that this recognition was not meant to acknowledge necessarily her achievements, but rather to use her as an “international voice” on behalf of some US sectors that dissent from aspects of Trump’s foreign policy that are perceived to hurt business, such as international trade and tariffs. Freeland obliged and that was precisely the focus of her speech.

We don’t know the impact that this speech had on Trump, if any. But her message would have been fitting had she been on the same stage with Ronald Reagan, whom she did praise once.

What we do know is that her speech – probably meant to be inspirational – was full of liberal, capitalist and imperial rhetoric, and showed little understanding of the geopolitical realities of today. Her tenacious defense of the virtues of capitalism placed her right back at the time of the old Cold War, with the only exception of authoritarianism being the nemesis instead of communism. She pointed her accusatory finger at Venezuela, Russia and China as examples of current unruly countries that do not follow her image of international order.

No one should fear that Chrystia Freeland’s “mano-a-mano” retort to Donald Trump’s mischief towards Justin Trudeau at the G7 meeting means a deep fissure in Canada-US relations. On the contrary, hers was an exaltation of the common goal the two countries share, albeit with tactical differences: “the fight for liberal democracy and the international rules-based order that supports it.” By “international” she obviously meant North American.

Freeland made a strong defense of “liberal democracy” that others cannot question in her fading world. But she never acknowledged the contradiction that a forced liberal democracy is in fact authoritarianism of the worst kind. If democracy needs a Canadian or US stamp of approval, then it stops being a democracy. By definition, democracy is based on people’s free decisions, not on imposed decisions, much less on foreign imposed decisions.

In very revealing – but not surprising – colonial language, she showed a concern that “within the club of wealthy Western nations, we are seeing homegrown anti-democratic forces on the rise.” And again, she failed to link that concern to her own grim admission that “Middle-class working families are not wrong to feel left behind. Wages have been stagnating. Jobs are becoming more precarious, pensions uncertain, housing, childcare, and education harder to afford.” She simply justified it by saying that “these are the wrenching human consequences, the growing pains” of righteous liberal democracies.

She went on to say, “Liberal democracy is also under assault from abroad. Authoritarian regimes are actively seeking to undermine us with sophisticated, well-financed propaganda and espionage programs.” An obvious reference to Russia. In fact she did refer specifically to Venezuela’s “authoritarianism” and to Russia’s move “backwards” from “democratic capitalism.”

Her reductionist view is that reproducing a patched up, worn out capitalist system will make new friends, despite the evidence to the contrary. Freeland was in total denial, failing to recognize that it is not authoritarianism that is “on the march,” but rather that a new multipolar world is on the march to replace the North American-centered unipolar world of the late 20th century.

China and Russia are successfully leading the way towards reducing the domination of a Western liberal consensus in world affairs. China is doing that with its Silk Road Economic Belt, a development strategy that focuses on connectivity and cooperation between Eurasian countries and possibly beyond. Russia has a no less effective strategic approach, using its soft power to build new alliances and balance the conflicting forces, especially in the Middle East, with an eye to a positive relationship with the European Union. This spells danger to the diminishing might of the US and its ally from the North, Canada.

In the new upcoming world order, countries with different systems can form alliances and work together, be it China’s communism, Venezuela’s 21st century socialism, or Russia’s balancing soft power to deescalate major conflicts and bring competitors together.

It is shortsighted to admit that a one-fits-all liberal democracy is not perfect, while ignoring that other nations can assert the right to try their own social system, willing to fail and try again without foreign interference. Freeland doesn’t grasp the importance that other nations attribute to being sovereign, trying to solve their own problems while being respected.

Ms. Freeland, assertion of the right to freely and peacefully choose our own destiny is not “authoritarianism,” but your desire to shape the world to your image certainly is. Your definition of authoritarianism is someone else’s sovereignty.

We have to acknowledge that Freeland made one statement we agree on: “You [the US] may feel today that your size allows you to go mano-a-mano with your traditional adversaries and be guaranteed to win. But if history tells us one thing, it is that no one nation’s pre-eminence is eternal.”

In other words, empires fall.

But then we are left wondering: why is Canada pursuing close ties with a falling empire instead of embracing an emerging multipolar world?


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Nino Pagliccia

Nino Pagliccia has two Master’s Degrees from Stanford University and is a retired researcher on Canada-Cuba collaborative projects at the University of British Columbia. He has published many peer-reviewed journal articles and has contributed chapters to books on topics about Cuba, the Cuban healthcare system and solidarity. He has been a long-time activist and has organized groups to do voluntary work in Cuba for almost 15 years.


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